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Aajni Tithi : Mahavir Samvat (2544) Vikram Samvat (2074) Nemi Samvat (69) Vaishakh Sudh Treej(3) Wednesday

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Palitana Tirth

Palitana is a town in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India. It is located 50 km southwest of Bhavnagar city and is a major pilgrimage centre for Jains.

History:-

Palitana is associated with Jain legends and history. Adinatha, the first of the Jain tirthankaras, is said to have meditated on the Shatrunjaya hill, where the Palitana temples were later constructed.

The Palitana State was a princely state, founded in 1194. It was one of the major states in Saurashtra, covering 777 km². In 1921 it had 58,000 inhabitants in 91 villages, generating a 744,416 Rs revenue.

In 1656, Shah Jahan’s son Murad Baksh (the then Governor of Gujarat) granted the village of Palitana to the prominent Jain merchant Shantidas Jhaveri. The management of the temples was assigned to the Anandji Kalyanji Trust in 1730.

During the British Raj, Palitana was a princely state in the Kathiawar Agency of the Bombay presidency. Gross revenue, £42,000; tribute jointly to the Gaekwar of Baroda and the Nawab of Junagadh, £700. The capital of the state was the Palitana town (population 12,800). It was ruled by a Gohil Rajput, with the title of Thakore sahib (also spelled Thakor Saheb or Thakur Sahib), enjoying a 9-guns salute, of the Hindu Gohel dynasty, which received a privy purse of 180,000 rupees at the state’s accession to independent India on 15 February 1948.

Geography:-

Palitana is located at 21.52°N 71.83°E.It has an average elevation of 67 metres (219 feet). The Palitana dam, an irrigation resource, is on the Shetrunji River.

Tourist Attractions in Palitana:-

One of the major tourist attraction in Palitana are the temples located on the Shatrunjaya hill. The temple of Shri Adishwara, the first Jain tirthankar (apostle) is located on the Shatrunjaya hill. It is one of the most magnificent and the most sacred temple located on the Shatrunjaya hill. Near to this temple, the Muslim shrine of Angar Pir is located where the childless women offer miniature cradles to the saint to bless them with children. Another important temple is the Chaumukh or Four-Faced Temple. This temple has an image of Adinath which face out in the four cardinal directions. The are various other temples like Kumar Pal, Vimal Shah and Sampriti Raj.

Transportation:-

By air

The nearest airport at Bhavnagar lies at a distance of 51 kilometres from Palitana, with two daily flights to Mumbai.Ahmedabad, 215 kilometres away by road, has an international airport with regular flights to many important cities.

Keeping in mind the religious and tourism travel, the State government has initiated the process of land acquisition for a new airport at Palitana as part of its plan to establish 11 new airports in Gujarat. The pre-feasibility study has been handed over to the Airport Authority of India (AAI).

By rail

Palitana has a small railway station that is connected to Songadh and Bhavanagar. Most of the trains stop at Sihor, which is connected to Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar.

By Road

There are hourly buses for Bhavnagar from Palitana. Regular buses are also available for Ahmedabad, Talaja, Una, and Diu. The total journey time to Una or Diu is around 6 hours as the roads are good condition. Taxis are also available on hire for Palitana from Bhavnagar, Ahmedabad or Vadodra.The bus stand is situated 800 meters away from the Palitana railway station.