This festival is celebrated on Vaishakha Sud 3. ( The third day of the month of Vaishakha) The first Tirthankar-Rushabha Dev got Charitra i.e. left the worldly pleasures after 83 Lakha Purva years of home-life. It is said that Karma has no effect of any brave people or even of Indra, Narendra, Munindra or Jitendra- All Mighty. Rushabha Dev Parmatma went to many houses to get the proper food (Gochari) for him, but no one could understand his desire of food. The people were ready to give elephants, horses, jwellery or even brides to him.
THE KARTAKI PURNIMA (15TH DAY OF KARTIK)
It is the 15th day of the first month- Kartik in the Gujarati calander. After the four months of rainy season (Chaturmas), the pilgrimage of Shatrunjaya reapons. It is said that the meaning of the Shatrunjaya is winning over enemies.
Diwali lights the temple of heart; it opens the sky of inner heart. It is Diwali which soaks every living beings with love. This festival has been celebrated for quite a long time. But why do we celebrate it? It is the day of Nirvana Kalyanaka of Lord Mahavir. Gautam Swami, the chief Ganadhar, had done the true worship of Lord Mahavir. He got the Omniscience- the ultimate knowledge after the Nirvana of Lord Mahavir. In the absence of Mahavir Swami, he lamented so much that his soul became free from all the bondages of Karmas.
The world of today is influenced, wrongly by the false knowledge, So the Samyak Gyan is necessary.
Gyan is the light of the inner soul. It is a natural light. It is also a bright flame of life. We can't see anything without its light. We can't know even the difference between true and false Gyan is called the second sun and third Eye. So the worship of Gyan Panchami should be done.
Every Parva is celebrated with some special rules and principles. The rites ofpo worship and activities have some special kind of importance.
This is a festival of celebrating Kalyanakas of Tirthankar Parmatmas and destroying the knowledge covering Karmas. Jain Saints have said:
On this day, the first Tirthankar of the present era, Rushabha Dev got Nirvana on the Ashtapad mountain. So it is the day of his Nirvan Kalyanaka.
When we remember great men, we surely remember Shripal and Mayana. Their worship is famous. The worship of Nav Pad gives nine types of wealth and meditative peace to the soul. The Panch Parmesh - this are on the topmost position. Their worship removes worries and gives mental peace
The king of all the festivals, Parvadhiraj Paryushana has come now. This festival has the highest power of doing auspicious to the worshippers.
It is said that-
A child is safe in mother's hand,
Death with meditation is safe when the life style is framed according to the preachings of the Tirthankars or Jineshwaras. In the same way the follower is safe in the hands of Parmatma (God). The soul is always circulates in 4 Gatis because of various Karmas. But the true worship of this festival makes the soul free and quiet from the pain of circulation of 4 Gatis. Meditation is necessary for peaceful condition of the soul. Even the souls in the Narkis can feel quiet peaceful condition for a moment at the time of Kalyanakas.