આજ નો દિવસ : વિક્રમ સંવત   ૨૦૭૪  ( નેમિસૂરિ સંવત  ૬૯ )  માગશર સુદ બીજ સોમવાર   Dt: 20-11-2017



તલવાર કી કિંમત મ્યાન સે નહિ ધાર સે હોતી હૈ, કપડો કી કિંમત રંગ સે નહિ તાર સે હોતી હૈ, કહી ભી દેખો મહત્વ મૂલકા હોતા હૈ છીલકે કા નહિ, આદમી કી કિંમત પૈસે સે નહિ સદાચાર સે હોતી હૈ…

Q and A on Jainism - 2

Who are the Arihant Bhagwans?

Arihant Bhagwans are kevalis or Jinas who have conquered their inner passions and have destroyed their all four Ghati Karmas.

What are the different types of Arihant Bhagwans?

There are two types of Arihant Bhagwans.  They are Simple Arihants and Tirthankar Arihants.

Who is the Tirthankar Arihants?

Those Arihants who reestablish Jain Tirth are called Tirthankar Arihants.

Who is the Simple Arihants?

Those Arihants who do not reestablish the Jain Tirth are called simple arihants.

How many dreams does the Tirthankar's Mother get?

Tirthankar's Mother gets fourteen or sixteen dreams.

Can you name the fourteen dreams?

Fourteen dreams are:

  1. Elephant

  2. Bullock

  3. Lion

  4. Laxami

  5. Garland

  6. Moon

  7. Sun

  8. Flag

  9. Vase

  10. Lotus Lake

  11. Ocean

  12. Celestial Abode

  13. Heap of Jewels

  14. Smokeless Flame

What are the two extra dreams of sixteen dreams?

Two extra dreams of sixteen dreams are:

1) A Pair of Fish

2) A Lofty Thorne.

How many different ways can one be destined to be the Tirthankar?

There are 20 different ways one can be destined to be the Tirthankar.

Can you name four ways out of the 20 ways one is destined to be the Tirthankar?

How many Tirthankar Bhagwans do we have at this time?

Twenty

Where are the current Tirthankar Bhagwans?

There are none in our part of the world, but there are twenty in

Mahavideh- kshetra.

How many minimum Tirthankar Bhagwnas can be at any given time?

Twenty

How many maximum Tirthankar Bhagwnas can be at any given time?

One hundred and seventy

Can you name the current Tirthankar Bhagwans?

1)     Shri Simandhar Swami

2)     Shri Jugmandhar Swami

3)     Shri Bahu Swami

4)     Shri Subahu Swami

 

5)     Shri Sujitnath Swami

6)     Shri Svayamprabh Swami

7)     Shri Rishbhanan Swami

8)     Shri Anantveerya Swami

 

9)     Shri Suprabh Swami

10)  Shri Vishalprabh Swami

11)  Shri Vrajdhar Swami

12)  Shri Chandranan Swami

 

13)  Shri Chandrbahu Swami

14)  Shri Brujandev Swami

15)  Shri Iswar Swami

16)  Shri Nemprabh Swami

 

17)  Shri Veersen Swami

18)  Shri Mahabhadra Swami

19)  Shri Devajassa Swami

20)  Shri Ajeetsen Swami

How many karmas do Arihant Bhagwans have left?

Arihant Bhagwan has four karmas left.

What are the Bhavanas?

Bhavana means mental thinking.

Can you name the Bhavanas?

Bhavanas are:

1.       Anitya

2.       Asharan

3.       Samsar

4.       Ekatva

5.       Anyatva

6.       Ashuchi

7.       Ashrav

8.       Samvar

9.       Nirjara

10.     Lokswarup

11.     Bodhidurlabh

12.     Dharma

 

 

 

13.     Maitri

14.     Pramod

15.     Karuna

16.     Madhyastha

Can you describe Anitya Bhavana?

Anitya bhavana means thinking about the transitory nature of things around us.  All things of the worldly life are perishable; and nothing is permanent.  It is fruitless to mourn over the loss of perishable, and we should not lose our mental peace and emotional poise over them.  Therefore, when someone dear to us dies or when we lose something then we should think that in this world, the body wealth, family, relatives, and status, etc., are transient, and we will not feel so bad.

Can you describe Asharan Bhavana?

Asharan Bhavna means thinking that no other individual can provide a refuge.  Nothing external can offer the permanent refuge.  When death occurs and the soul has to leave the body, there is no one who can save the jiva from this.  Wealth, and family, etc., stay behind and you have to face the future by yourself.

Can you describe Sansar Bhavana?

Thinking of worldly life.

In the cycle a of different worldly lives (samsar) the mother can become a wife; a wife can become a mother; and an enemy can become a friend; and a friend can become a foe, etc.  How fruitless is this samsar, where relationships go on changing.  Therefore, I should not develop bondage for others.

Can you describe Ekatva Bhavana?

Thinking of being alone.

In this Samsar (worldly life) the Jiva (soul) is born alone and dies alone.  It accumulates the Karmas alone and it experiences the fruits of its Karmas alone, too.  Who belongs to whom in this world? Though jiva is living in the middle of the crowd, he is absolutely alone.  Therefore, give up the attachment for others.

Can you describe Anyatva Bhavana?

Thinking of the soul as separate from the body.

The body and the soul are different and separate from each other.  The body is inert, but my soul is the very embodiment of consciousness.  The soul is imperishable.  It will not die.  The body; of course, burns and becomes ashes.  Agonies afflict only the body and not to the soul.  I am not the body.  The body is not mine.

Can you describe Ashuchi Bhavana?

Thinking that the body is unclean.

This body is made up of impure substances like blood, urine, and fecal material, etc.  I will discard my attachments for such body and engage myself in self-discipline, renunciation and spiritual endeavors.  The body is made up of the substance that decays very easily.

Can you describe Ashrav Bhavana?

Thinking of the causes of the inflow of karmas.

Ashrav means inflow of karmas.  Evil tendencies and actions pollute and corrupt the soul with karmas.  Therefore, one must think to be free from all such activities to avoid the inflow of karmas.

Can you describe Samvar Bhavana?

Thinking of taking the action to stop the inflow of karmas.

Samvar means blocking of inflow of karmas.  One must think of the tremendous benefits of each Samvar like Samiti, Gupti, Yati-dharma etc.  One must carry out these activities to reduce the inflow of karma.

Can you describe Nirjara Bhavana?

Thinking of destroying karmas.

By performing austerities, we can destroy our Karmas.  There are such twelve kinds of austerities.  Therefore, we should think of when can we perform such austerities to destroy our karmas so that we can be liberated.

Can you describe Lokaswarup Bhavana?

Thinking of the universe.

Think of the creation of the fourteen Rajlok (universe) which are made up of the substances which are subject to the law of origin existence and destruction.  This whole universe is filled with jivas and pudgals.

Can you describe Bodhidurlabh Bhavana?

Thinking of developing faith in the dharmik (religious) principles.

One should think that it is hard to attain human life, healthy body dharma, and to act according to dharma, etc.  It is even more difficult to develop a true and abiding faith in the dharmik doctrines.  We should think to make our faith strong and stronger forever.

Can you describe Dharma Bhavana?

Thinking of the influence of dharma.

How much have we been benefited by the Jinas and the irdoctrines! This life is possible only if there is dharma.  We have attained comforts and happiness by the benevolence of dharma.  It would be difficult to live without dharma.  One should think of dharma from the practical points of view.

Can you describe Maitri Bhavana?

Thinking of friendship.

Think to be a friend of all beings in this universe.  Once you are a friend you can not think bad of anyone, but rather make their life easier.

Can you describe Pramod Bhavana?

Thinking of honoring superiors.

Think of having heartfelt affection, regard and esteem for people who are superior to us in virtues, knowledge and ability.  Not to entertain such feelings as jealousy and envy; and not to look at anyone maliciously and with a sinister feeling.  Think to be cheerful and happy at the sight of virtuous people; and to express cordial happiness on seeing such people.

Can you describe the Karuna Bhavana?

Thinking of compassion.

Think to show compassion to those who are in distress, want; and to those who are weak and helpless.  Think to help them by giving your support to remove their sorrows and agonies.

Can you describe the Madhyastha Bhavana?

Think to stay neutral.

Think to treat with indifference those people who even after realization and knowing the right from wrong, arrogantly and obstinately refuse to walk on the path of righteousness.  Think that may be one day they may improve, but I do not have to be affected by their behavior.  Think of being in equanimity even in such circumstances.

What kind of bhavanas should one have?

One should entertain and expand auspicious and useful thoughts.  One should not allow one’s soul to get entangled in the various materialistic events taking place around oneself.

What is the purpose of bhavanas?

Bhavanas enable people to attain mental peace, tranquillity, and spiritual uplift.

How many auspicious events are there in the life of Tirthankars?

There are five auspicious events in the life of a Tirthankar.

What is the original word for auspicious events in the life of Tirthankars?

The Jain term for these auspicious events is Kalyanaka.

Can you describe the 1st Kalyanak?

The first Kalyanaka is the Chyavana Kalyanaka.

This is when a to be Tirthankar’s soul departs from its last life and is conceived in the womb of the mother.

Can you describe the 2nd Kalyanak?

The second Kalyanaka is the Janma Kalyanaka.

This is when a to be Tirthankar is born.  The gods and goddesses celebrate this auspicious occasion.

Can you describe the 3rd Kalyanak?

The third Kalyanaka is Diksha Kalyanaka.

This is when a to be Tirthankar gives up all his worldly possessions and takes the vows of a monk.

Can you describe the 4th Kalyanak?

The fourth Kalyanaka is Kevalagnan Kalyanaka.

This is when the Tirthankar attains kevalagnan (perfect knowledge).  At that time the Tirthankar re-establishes the Jain Sangh, formed of the four tirthas namely sadhus, sadhvis, shravaks, and shravikas.

Can you describe the 5th Kalyanak?

The fifth Kalyanaka is Nirvana Kalyanaka.

This is when the Tirthankar dies and leaves this universe and his body forever.  He goes to salvation, and becomes free from the cycle of birth and death.

How many Tattvas (Fundamentals) are there in Jainism?

There are nine fundamentals.

Can you name the Nine Tattvas (Fundamentals)?

Nine fundamentals are:

1)     Living

2)     Non-living

3)     Punya

4)     Pap

5)     Ashrava

6)     Samvar

7)     Bandh

8)     Nirjara

9)     Moksha.

What is meant by the Ajiva?

Things which do not have life or qualities like breathing regenerating, etc., are known as ajiva or non-living things.

What is meant by the Jiva?

Jiva means one which can breathe, regenerate or reproduce, eat and have mind to think, etc.

What are the different Jivas?

The souls are divided into two categories.

How are the different Jivas described depending upon spirituality?

There are two kind of jivas:

1)     Liberated souls, the muktatma, the soul that is bodiless and has been once and for all freed from the bondage of all the karmas and cycle of births and deaths.

2)     Non-liberated souls, samsari atma, the soul that has a body and is caught in the bondage of karmas and cycle of births and deaths.

How many senses are there?

There are five senses.

What is the paryapti?

Paryapti means a special power through which jiva converts matter (pudgal) like food into an energy.

How many different Paryaptis are there?

There are six paryapties.

What is the Pran?

The Pran means vitality.

How many different Prans are there?

There are ten prans.

What is the name for the group of Jivas with one sense?

Ekindriya Jivas

Can you give an example of one sensed Jivas?

Examples of one-sensed jivas are:

  • Earth

  • Water

  • Fire

  • Air, and

  • Vegetable beings.

How many paryaptis do one-sensed Jiva have?

Four

How many prans do the one-sensed Jiva have?

Four

What is the name for the group of Jivas with two senses?

Beindriya Jivas

Can you give the examples of two-sensed Jivas?

Examples of two-sensed jivas are:

  • Germs

  • the microbes in stale food

  • the minute creatures in water

  • the worms that eat away wood, etc.

How many paryapties do the two-sensed Jivas have?

Five

How many prans do the two-sensed Jivas have?

Six

What is the name for the group of Jivas with three senses?

Teindriya Jivas

Can you give the examples of the three-sensed Jivas?

Examples of three sensed jivas are:

  • Centipedes

  • Bugs

  • Lice

  • White ants

  • Moths, and

  • Insects in wheat, etc

How many paryaptis do the three-sensed Jivas have?

Five

How many prans do the three-sensed Jivas have?

Seven

What is the name for group of the Jivas with four senses?

Chaurindriya Jivas

Can you give the examples of four-sensed Jivas?

Examples of four sensed jivas are:

  • Scorpions

  • Crickets

  • Spiders

  • Beetles

  • Locusts

  • Flies of all kinds, etc.

How many paryaptis do the four-sensed Jivas have?

Five

How many prans do the four-sensed Jivas have?

Eight

What is the name for the group of Jivas with five senses?

Panchendriya Jivas

Can you give examples of five-sensed Jivas?

1)     Naraki - the jivas in hell.

2)     Tiryanch - those that live on earth - animals, birds, fish, etc.

3)     Dev - those that live in the haven - dev/angels.

4)     Manushya - human beings.

How many paryaptis do five-sensed Jiva have?

Six

How many prans do five-sensed Jiva have?

Ten

What does Punya mean?

Whenever we do good deeds we accumulate good karmas which is called Punya.

What does the Pap mean?

Whenever we do bad deeds we accumulate bad karmas, which is called pap.

What does the Ashrava mean?

We get lots of thoughts for doing good or bad things and most of the time we act accordingly and accumulate good or bad karmas.  The process of inflow of these karmas to the soul is known as Ashrava.

What does the Samvar mean?

The actual stoppage of the inflow of good or bad karmas to the soul is known as samvar.

What does the Bandh mean?

The accumulation of karmas to the soul is known as Bandh.

What does the Nirjara mean?

The process by which we shed the karmas which are attached to the Soul is known as Nirjara.

How many different types of the Nirjaras are there?

There are two different types of Nirjaras:

1)     Akam Nirjara and

2)     Sakam Nirjara

What is Akam Nirjara?

The sheding of karmas by passive suffering is known as Akam Nirjara.

For example: To fast when no food is available to eat.  By Akam Nirjara it would take ages to get rid of karmas, which we have accumulated.

What is Sakam Nirjara?

The shedding of karmas by active efforts is known as Sakam nirjara.  The Sakam Nirjara destroys Karmas very fast and accelerate the end of the cycle of birth and death.  For example: To fast with a free will when sufficient food is available.

What does the Bandh mean is meant by the Moksha?

Moksha means salvation that is when a soul has shed off all of its karmas and thereafter, that soul does not go through the cycle of birth and death ever again.

What are other names by which Arihants are called?

They are also called Kevali, Jina, Tirthankar, or Vitragi.

Which is the higher in achievements, the Arihants or the Siddhas?

Siddhas are higher than Arihants since they have destroyed all the karmas and are liberated from this world.  Why do we pay homage to Arihants first? Arihants are the living teachers who show us the path to the liberation, and therefore, we pay them the homage first.

What kind of body does a Siddha have?

Siddhas have no bodies since they have no karmas.

How many attributes do Siddhas have?

Siddhas have eight attributes.

Do Siddhas accumulate karmas?

No, Siddhas do not accumulate karmas.

Do Arihants accumulate karmas?

Yes, Arihants accumulate the karmas, but karmas do not stay for more

than a fraction of a second.

Where are the Siddhas?

Siddhas are at Siddhashila which is at the top part of this world

(Lokakash).

Whom do we pay homage by the Navkar Mantra?

In Navkar Mantra we pay homage to:

  • Arihants

  • Siddhas

  • Acharyas

  • Upadhyayas

  • Sadhus and Sadhvis.

Who is Siddha Bhagwant?

Siddha Bhagwants are those souls who are liberated from this world forever.

How many attributes do Arihants have?

Arihants have twelve attributes.

Do Arihants get reborn in worldly life?

No.  Arihants at the time of death destroy all remaining four karmas and get liberated from this world forever.

Name the karmas which are already destroyed by Arihants?

  • Jnanavarniya Karma

  • Darshanavarniya Karma

  • Antaräy Karma

  • Mohniya Karma

Name the karmas, which are not destroyed by Arihants?

  • Nam Karma

  • Gotra Karma

  • Vedniya Karma

  • Ayushya Karma

Name the karmas which are destroyed by Siddhas?

  • Jnanavarniya Karma

  • Darshanavarniya Karma

  • Antaray Karma

  • Mohniya Karma

  • Nam Karma

  • Gotra Karma

  • Vedniya Karma

  • Ayushya Karma

What kind of karmas Siddhas have?

Siddhas do not have any karmas.

Who can become a Siddha?

Everyone has a potential to be a Siddha.

Who is Acharya?

Acharya is a sadhu who is the leader of other sadhus and the sadhvis and he leads us to the spiritual uplift of the soul, and guides us to the path of liberation.

How many attributes do the Acharyas have?

Thirty- Six

Who is Upaddhyay?

Upadhyay is a sadhu who has studied the scripture in much detail and teaches other sadhus and sadhvis.

How many attributes do the Upaddhyayas have?

Twenty-five

Who is Sadhus?

Sadhu was a male householder who voluntarily renounced the worldly life for the uplift of the soul.  He has accepted to follow five major vows.

How many attributes do the Sadhus have?

Twenty-seven

Who is Sadhvi?

Sadhvi was a female householder who voluntarily renounced the worldly life for the uplift of the soul.  She has accepted to follow five major vows.

What is the Tapasya (Austerity)?

Tapasya is called austerity which means voluntary restarin from available things and desires, or voluntary suffering to uplift the soul.

What are the different types of Tapasyas (Austerity)?

There are two major types of austerities.  They are:

1)     External (bahyantar)

2)     Internal (abhyantar)

Each one of these two are further sub-divided into six groups.

What is the External Tapasyas (Austerity)?

External austerities are those austerities which when performed can be noticed by other people.

What is the Internal Tapasyas (Austerity)?

Internal austerities are those austerities which when performed, can not be noticed by other people.

Can you name the External Tapasyas (Austerity)?

External austerities are:

1)     Anasan

2)     Unodari

3)     Vruti Sankshep

4)     Rasa Tyag

5)     Kaya Kalesha

6)     Samlinta.

Can you name the Internal Tapasyas (Austerity)?

Internal austerities are:

1)     Prayschit

2)     Vinay

3)     Vaiyavachcha

4)     Vyutsarga

5)     Swadhyay

6)     Dhyan

What is Anasan Tapa (Austerity)?

Anasan Tapa means fasting for a day, for some days or rest of one’s life by completely renouncing food and water, etc.  Anasan is also taken to render death auspiciously.

What is Unodari Tapa (Austerity)?

Unodari Tapa means eating and drinking (water) less than the extent of one’s hunger and thirst during the meals.

What is Vrutti Sankshep Tapa (Austerity)?

Vruti Sankshep Tapa means reducing the desires.  One must renounce some of the items during the meals.

What is Rasa Parityag Tapa (Austerity)?

Ras parityag Tapa means renouncing those kinds of foods and drinks that provoke taste, and increases the strength and excitement.  There are 14 sub-types of this austerity.  It can be done partially or in total for one time or for prolonged time.

What is Kaya Kalesha Tapa (Austerity)?

In Kayaklesh Tapa one makes the body suffer by yoga or staying in one position for a longer time.

What is Samlinata Kayaklesh Tapa (Austerity)?

In Pratisanlinata Tapa one controls all senses to stop pleasant and unpleasant temptations, also controls lying, distorting the truth and sensual talks.

What is Prayaschita Tapa (Austerity)?

In Prayaschit Tapa one confesses the various errors of commission and omission, the faults and the sins committed knowingly or unknowingly to the sadhu, to the person concerned or to oneself.  One says Micchchamidukadam.  One fully carries out the prescribed atonement by sadhu.

What is Vinay Tapa (Austerity)?

In Vinay Tapa one becomes polite and respectful towards all.

What is Vaiyavachch Tapa (Austerity)?

Vaiyavachcha Tapa means serving religious teachers, ascetic, virtuous people, sadhu, sadhvies, colleagues, companion and needy people with devotion, including animals.

What is Vyutsarga Tapa (Austerity)?

In Vyutsarga Tapa one stands still and meditates.  This austerity is also called Kayotsarga.  During this, one renounces the attachment for the body, and takes care of the soul.

What is Swadhyay Tapa (Austerity)?

In Swadhyay Tapa one must study, teach and reflect deeply on such sacred books as to inspire one to attain self-realization and enable one to save one’s soul from getting lost in the entanglements of the social life.

What is Dhyan Tapa (Austerity)?

Dhyan Tapa means concentrating the mind on the real nature of the soul.

What is the Navkarasi?

One must take food and water 40 minutes after the sunrise.  Even the brushing of the teeth and rinsing the mouths must be done after that time.

What is the Porsi?

Taking food or water three hours after the sunrise.

What is the Sadh-Porasi?

Taking food and water four hours and thirty minutes after the sunrise.

What is the Purimuddh?

Taking food and water six hours after the sunrise.

What is the Avaddh?

Taking food and water eight hours after the sunrise.

What is the Biyasan?

One must take food only twice a day at one sitting each time.

What is the Ekasan?

One takes food once a day sitting in one place.  (One should not eat the salad or the raw grains.) One also drinks the boiled water during the daytime.

What is the Ayambil?

One takes food only once in one sitting.  Food should be boiled and not have any spices, milk, curd, ghee, oil, and raw vegetables.  One drinks only boiled water during the daytime.  It is better if one can do the chauvihar or the tivihar the night before.

What is the Upavas?

Upavas means fasting for twenty-four hours from the sunrise today to the sunrise on the next day, during which one does not take any kind of food or liquids but may drink the boiled water.  It is preferred if one can do the chauvihar or the tivihar the night before.

a)     Tivihar upavas - During this, one does not take any food or drink any liquids except the boiled water only.

b)    Chauvihar upavas - During this, one does not take any food or liquids during the day or the night.

What is the Tivihar?

In tivihar one does not take food of any kind including liquids except water after the sunset until the sunrise next day but can take water.

What is the Chauvihar?

Chauvihar means one does not take any food or any liquids after the sunset until the sunrise next day.

What is the Attham?

Attham means upavas for continuous three days.

What is the Atthai?

Atthai means upavas for continuous eight days.

What is the Maskhaman?

Maskhaman means upavas for continuous one month.

What is the Navapad Oli?

During every year, one does ayambils for 9 days starting on the bright fortnight either on 6th or 7th day in Ashwin and Chaitra months for a period of four and one-half years.  Some people may take only one kind of food grain on a given day.

What are the Karmas?

Karmas are the end results of our activities, which may or may not be associated with passions.

What are the Ghati Karmas?

Ghati karmas affect the true nature of the soul.

What are the Aghati Karmas?

Aghati karmas do not affect the true nature of the soul, but affect the body in which the soul abides.

Name the Ghati Karmas?

Ghati karmas are:

1)     Knowledge oscuring or Jnanavarniya

2)     Perception obscuring or Darshnavarniya

3)     Obstructive or Antaraya

4)     Deluding Karmas or Mohniya

Name the Aghati karmas?

Aghati karmas are:

1)     Feeling producing (Vedniya) Karma

2)     Body making (Nam) Karma

3)     Status determining (Gotra) Karma

4)     Age determining (Ayushya) Karma

How many sub-types are of the Jnanavarniya karma?

There are five sub-types of Jnanavarniya Karma.

How many sub-types are of the Darshanavarniya karma?

There are nine sub-types of Darshanavarniya Karma.

How many sub-types are of the Vedniya karma?

There are two sub-types of Vedniya Karma.

How many sub-types are of the Mohniya karma?

There are twenty-eight sub-types of Mohniya Karma.

How many sub-types are of the Nama karma?

There are sixty-seven sub-types of Nama Karma.

How many sub-types are of the Gotra karma?

There are two sub-types of Gotra Karma.

How many sub-types are of the Antaraya karma?

There are five sub-types of Antaray Karma.

How many sub-types are of the Ayusya karma?

There are four sub-types of Ayushya Karma.

Can you name the types of Jnanavarniya karma?

Jnanavarniya Karma is divided into five sub-groups.

They are:

  • Mati-jnanavarniya

  • Shrut-jnanavarniya

  • Avaddhi-jnanavarniya

  • Manahparya-jnanavarniya

  • Keval-jnanavarniya Karmas

Can you name the types of Darshnavarniya karma?

Darshanavarniya Karma is divided into nine sub-groups.  They are:

  • Chakshu-darshanavarniya

  • Achakshu-darshanavarniya

  • Avadhi-darshanavarniya

  • Kevali-darshanavarniya

  • Nindra

  • Nindra-Nindra

  • Prachala

  • Prachala-Prachala

  • Styanagriddhi-Nindra

Can you name the types of Vedniya karma?

Vedniya Karma is divided into two sub-groups.

They are:

  • Shatavedniya Karma

  • Ashatavedniya Karma

Can you name the types of Mohniya karma?

Mohniya Karma is devided into twenty-eight sub-groups.

They are:

  • Mithyatva Mohniya

  • Mishramohniya

  • Samyaktva Mohniya

 

  • Krodha, Man, Maya, & Lobha (each further divided into four)

  • Anantanubandhi;

  • Apratyakhanavarniya;

  • Pratyakhanavarniy; and

  • Sanjvalan

 

  • Hasya

  • Rati

  • Arati

  • Bhaya

  • Shock

  • Jugupsa

  • Purushaved

  • Strived

  • Napunsankved

Can you name the types of Nama karma?

Nam Karma is divided into sixty-seven sub-groups.

Most popular sub-types are:

  • Gati

  • Jatinam

  • Sharir

  • Angopanga

  • Sahanan

  • Sansthan

  • Tirthankar

  • Yashokirti

  • Anupurvi

Can you name the types of Gotra karma?

Gotra Karma is divided into two sub-groups.

They are:

  • Uchcha Gotra

  • Nicha Gotra

Can you name the types of Antaraya karma?

Antaray Karma is divided into five sub-groups.

They are:

  • Danantray

  • Labhantray

  • Bhogantray

  • Upabhogantray

  • Viryantray

Can you name the types of Ayushya karma?

Ayushya karma is divided into four sub-groups.

They are:

  • Narak

  • Tiryancha

  • Manushya

  • Dev

What are the effects of Jnanavarniya karma?

  • Ignorance

  • Inability to understand, Stupidity

  • Inertia

  • Incapable of being taught

  • Illiteracy

  • Stammering, etc.

How do you accumulate the Jnanavarniya karma?

By Condemning knowledge and scholars and enlightened people.  Laziness, contempt and displeasure to study.

How can you get rid of the Jnanavarniya karma?

Worship the knowledge.  Give reverence, respect to the teachers, pay respect to the books because it represents the knowledge.  Do not throw, fold or sit on books.  Go to the religious school regularly.  Study silently with humility and attentions.  As a student, keep off the bad habits and keep your speech clean; conduct good and share knowledge with others.

What happens when you get rid of the Jnanavarniya karma?

You develop Kevalgnan and you become an anantgnani.  Once the layers of Jnanavarniya karmas disappear the atma knows every thought of every mind, and every thing in the world, and understands every living creature in this world and other worlds.  Nothing is hidden or unknown to that atma.

What are the effects of Darshanavarniya karma?

Blindness, incapacity of senses, intoxication with power, money sleep or swooning, etc.

How do you accumulate the Darshana