આજ નો દિવસ : વિક્રમ સંવત   ૨૦૭૪  ( નેમિસૂરિ સંવત  ૬૯ )  માગશર સુદ એકમ રવિવાર   Dt: 19-11-2017



તલવાર કી કિંમત મ્યાન સે નહિ ધાર સે હોતી હૈ, કપડો કી કિંમત રંગ સે નહિ તાર સે હોતી હૈ, કહી ભી દેખો મહત્વ મૂલકા હોતા હૈ છીલકે કા નહિ, આદમી કી કિંમત પૈસે સે નહિ સદાચાર સે હોતી હૈ…
Q-1 Where are the Siddhas?
Ans. Siddhas are at Siddhashila which is at the top part of this world
(Lokakash).
Q-2 Whom do we pay homage by the Navkar Mantra?
Ans.In Navkar Mantra we pay homage to:
· Arihants
· Siddhas
· Acharyas
· Upadhyayas
· Sadhus and Sadhvis.
Q-3 Who is Siddha Bhagwant?
Ans. Siddha Bhagwants are those souls who are liberated from this world forever.
Q-4 How many attributes do Arihants have?
Ans. Arihants have twelve attributes.
Q-5 Do Arihants get reborn in worldly life?
Ans. No. Arihants at the time of death destroy all remaining four karmas and get liberated from this world forever.
Q-6 Name the karmas which are already destroyed by Arihants?
Ans.· Jnanavarniya Karma
· Darshanavarniya Karma
· Antaräy Karma
· Mohniya Karma
Q-7 What are the two extra dreams of sixteen dreams?
Ans.Two extra dreams of sixteen dreams are:
1) A Pair of Fish
2) A Lofty Thorne.
Q-8 Name the karmas, which are not destroyed by Arihants?
Ans. · Nam Karma
· Gotra Karma
· Vedniya Karma
· Ayushya Karma
Q-9 Name the karmas which are destroyed by Siddhas?
Ans. · Jnanavarniya Karma
· Darshanavarniya Karma
· Antaray Karma
· Mohniya Karma
· Nam Karma
· Gotra Karma
· Vedniya Karma
· Ayushya Karma
Q-10 What kind of karmas Siddhas have?
Ans. Siddhas do not have any karmas
Q-11 Who can become a Siddha?
Ans. Everyone has a potential to be a Siddha
Q-12 Who is Acharya?
Ans. Acharya is a sadhu who is the leader of other sadhus and the sadhvis and he leads us to the spiritual uplift of the soul, and guides us to the path of liberation.
Q-13 How many attributes do the Acharyas have?
Ans. Thirty- Six
Q-14 Who is Upaddhyay?
Ans. Upadhyay is a sadhu who has studied the scripture in much detail and teaches other sadhus and sadhvis.
Q-15 How many attributes do the Upaddhyayas have?
Ans. Twenty-five
Q-16 Who is Sadhus?
Ans.Sadhu was a male householder who voluntarily renounced the worldly life for the uplift of the soul. He has accepted to follow five major vows.
Q-17 How many attributes do the Sadhus have?
Ans. Twenty-seven
Q-18 Who is Sadhvi?
Ans. Sadhvi was a female householder who voluntarily renounced the worldly life for the uplift of the soul. She has accepted to follow five major vows.
Q-19What is the Tapasya (Austerity)?
Ans. Tapasya is called austerity which means voluntary restarin from available things and desires, or voluntary suffering to uplift the soul.
Q-20 What are the different types of Tapasyas (Austerity)?
Ans. There are two major types of austerities. They are:
1) External (bahyantar)
2) Internal (abhyantar)
Each one of these two are further sub-divided into six groups.
Q-21 What is the External Tapasyas (Austerity)?
Ans. External austerities are those austerities which when performed can be noticed by other people.
Q-22 What is the Internal Tapasyas (Austerity)?
Ans. Internal austerities are those austerities which when performed, can not be noticed by other people.
Q-23 Can you name the External Tapasyas (Austerity)?
Ans.External austerities are:
1) Anasan
2) Unodari
3) Vruti Sankshep
4) Rasa Tyag
5) Kaya Kalesha
6) Samlinta.
Q-24 Can you name the Internal Tapasyas (Austerity)?
Ans. Internal austerities are:
1) Prayschit
2) Vinay
3) Vaiyavachcha
4) Vyutsarga
5) Swadhyay
6) Dhyan
Q-25 What is Anasan Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. Anasan Tapa means fasting for a day, for some days or rest of one's life by completely renouncing food and water, etc. Anasan is also taken to render death auspiciously.
Q-26 What is Unodari Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans.Unodari Tapa means eating and drinking (water) less than the extent of one's hunger and thirst during the meals.
Q-27 What is Vrutti Sankshep Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. Vruti Sankshep Tapa means reducing the desires. One must renounce some of the items during the meals.
Q-27 What is Rasa Parityag Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. Ras parityag Tapa means renouncing those kinds of foods and drinks that provoke taste, and increases the strength and excitement. There are 14 sub-types of this austerity. It can be done partially or in total for one time or for prolonged time.
Q-28 What is Kaya Kalesha Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. In Kayaklesh Tapa one makes the body suffer by yoga or staying in one position for a longer time.
Q-30 What is Samlinata Kayaklesh Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. In Pratisanlinata Tapa one controls all senses to stop pleasant and unpleasant temptations, also controls lying, distorting the truth and sensual talks.
Q-31 What is Prayaschita Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. Thinking of honoring superiors.
Think of having heartfelt affection, regard and esteem for people who are superior to us in virtues, knowledge and ability. Not to entertain such feelings as jealousy and envy; and not to look at anyone maliciously and with a sinister feeling. Think to be cheerful and happy at the sight of virtuous people; and to express cordial happiness on seeing such people.
Q-32 What is Vinay Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. In Vinay Tapa one becomes polite and respectful towards all.
Q-33 What is Vaiyavachch Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. Vaiyavachcha Tapa means serving religious teachers, ascetic, virtuous people, sadhu, sadhvies, colleagues, companion and needy people with devotion, including animals.
Q-34 What is Vyutsarga Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. In Vyutsarga Tapa one stands still and meditates. This austerity is also called Kayotsarga. During this, one renounces the attachment for the body, and takes care of the soul.
Q-35 What is Swadhyay Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. In Swadhyay Tapa one must study, teach and reflect deeply on such sacred books as to inspire one to attain self-realization and enable one to save one's soul from getting lost in the entanglements of the social life
Q-36 What is Dhyan Tapa (Austerity)?
Ans. Dhyan Tapa means concentrating the mind on the real nature of the soul.
Q-37 What is the Navkarasi?
Ans. One must take food and water 40 minutes after the sunrise. Even the brushing of the teeth and rinsing the mouths must be done after that time.
Q-38 What is the Porsi?
Ans.Taking food or water three hours after the sunrise.
Q-39 What is the Sadh-Porasi?
Ans. Taking food and water four hours and thirty minutes after the sunrise.
Q-40 What is the Purimuddh?
Ans. Taking food and water six hours after the sunrise.
Q-41 What is the Avaddh?
Ans.Taking food and water eight hours after the sunrise.
Q-42 What is the Biyasan?
Ans. One must take food only twice a day at one sitting each time.
Q-43 What is the Ekasan?
Ans.One takes food once a day sitting in one place. (One should not eat the salad or the raw grains.) One also drinks the boiled water during the daytime.
Q-44 What is the Ayambil?
Ans. One takes food only once in one sitting. Food should be boiled and not have any spices, milk, curd, ghee, oil, and raw vegetables. One drinks only boiled water during the daytime. It is better if one can do the chauvihar or the tivihar the night before.
Q-45 What is the Upavas?
Ans. Upavas means fasting for twenty-four hours from the sunrise today to the sunrise on the next day, during which one does not take any kind of food or liquids but may drink the boiled water. It is preferred if one can do the chauvihar or the tivihar the night before.
a) Tivihar upavas - During this, one does not take any food or drink any liquids except the boiled water only.
b) Chauvihar upavas - During this, one does not take any food or liquids during the day or the night
Q-46 What is meant by the Ajiva?
Ans. Things which do not have life or qualities like breathing regenerating, etc., are known as ajiva or non-living things.
Q-47 What is meant by the Jiva?
Ans. Jiva means one which can breathe, regenerate or reproduce, eat and have mind to think, etc.
Q-48 What are the different Jivas?
Ans. The souls are divided into two categories.
Q-49 How are the different Jivas described depending upon spirituality?
Ans. There are two kind of jivas:
1) Liberated souls, the muktatma, the soul that is bodiless and has been once and for all freed from the bondage of all the karmas and cycle of births and deaths.
2) Non-liberated souls, samsari atma, the soul that has a body and is caught in the bondage of karmas and cycle of births and deaths.
Q-50 What is the Tivihar?
Ans. In tivihar one does not take food of any kind including liquids except water after the sunset until the sunrise next day but can take water.
Q-51 What is the Chauvihar?
Ans. Chauvihar means one does not take any food or any liquids after the sunset until the sunrise next day.
Q-52 What is the Attham?
Ans. Attham means upavas for continuous three days.
Q-53 What is the Atthai?
Ans. Atthai means upavas for continuous eight days.
Q-54 What is the Maskhaman?
Ans. Maskhaman means upavas for continuous one month.
Q-55 What is the Navapad Oli?
Ans. During every year, one does ayambils for 9 days starting on the bright fortnight either on 6th or 7th day in Ashwin and Chaitra months for a period of four and one-half years. Some people may take only one kind of food grain on a given day.
Q-56 What are the Karmas?
Ans. Karmas are the end results of our activities, which may or may not be associated with passions.
Q-57 What are the Ghati Karmas?
Ans. Ghati karmas affect the true nature of the soul.
Q-58 What are the Aghati Karmas?
Ans. Aghati karmas do not affect the true nature of the soul, but affect the body in which the soul abides.
Q-59 Name the Ghati Karmas?
Ans. Ghati karmas are:
1) Knowledge oscuring or Jnanavarniya
2) Perception obscuring or Darshnavarniya
3) Obstructive or Antaraya
4) Deluding Karmas or Mohniya
Q-60 Name the Aghati karmas?
Ans. Aghati karmas are:
1) Feeling producing (Vedniya) Karma
2) Body making (Nam) Karma
3) Status determining (Gotra) Karma
4) Age determining (Ayushya) Karma
Q-61 How many sub-types are of the Jnanavarniya karma?
Ans. There are five sub-types of Jnanavarniya Karma.
Q-62 How many sub-types are of the Darshanavarniya karma?
Ans. There are nine sub-types of Darshanavarniya Karma.
Q-63 How many sub-types are of the Vedniya karma?
Ans. There are two sub-types of Vedniya Karma.
Q-64 How many sub-types are of the Mohniya karma?
Ans.There are twenty-eight sub-types of Mohniya Karma.
Q-65 How many sub-types are of the Nama karma?
Ans. There are sixty-seven sub-types of Nama Karma.
Q-66 How many sub-types are of the Gotra karma?
Ans. There are two sub-types of Gotra Karma.
Q-67 How many sub-types are of the Antaraya karma?
Ans. There are five sub-types of Antaray Karma.
Q-68 How many sub-types are of the Ayusya karma?
Ans. There are four sub-types of Ayushya Karma.
Q-69 Can you name the types of Jnanavarniya karma?
Ans. Jnanavarniya Karma is divided into five sub-groups.
They are:
• Mati-jnanavarniya
• Shrut-jnanavarniya
• Avaddhi-jnanavarniya
• Manahparya-jnanavarniya
• Keval-jnanavarniya Karmas
Q-70 Can you name the types of Darshnavarniya karma?
Ans. Darshanavarniya Karma is divided into nine sub-groups. They are:
• Chakshu-darshanavarniya
• Achakshu-darshanavarniya
• Avadhi-darshanavarniya
• Kevali-darshanavarniya
• Nindra
• Nindra-Nindra
• Prachala
• Prachala-Prachala
• Styanagriddhi-Nindra
Q-71 Can you name the types of Vedniya karma?
Ans. Vedniya Karma is divided into two sub-groups.
They are:
• Shatavedniya Karma
• Ashatavedniya Karma
Q-72 Can you name the types of Mohniya karma?
Ans. Darshanavarniya Karma is divided into nine sub-groups. They are:
• Chakshu-darshanavarniya
• Achakshu-darshanavarniya
• Avadhi-darshanavarniya
• Kevali-darshanavarniya
• Nindra
• Nindra-Nindra
• Prachala
• Prachala-Prachala
• Styanagriddhi-Nindra
Q-73 Can you name the types of Vedniya karma?
Ans. Vedniya Karma is divided into two sub-groups.
They are:
• Shatavedniya Karma
• Ashatavedniya Karma
Q-74 Can you name the types of Mohniya karma?
Ans. Mohniya Karma is devided into twenty-eight sub-groups.
They are:
• Mithyatva Mohniya
• Mishramohniya
• Samyaktva Mohniya • Krodha, Man, Maya, & Lobha (each further divided into four)
• Anantanubandhi;
• Apratyakhanavarniya;
• Pratyakhanavarniy; and
• Sanjvalan • Hasya
• Rati
• Arati
• Bhaya
• Shock
• Jugupsa
• Purushaved
• Strived
• Napunsankved
Q-75 Can you name the types of Nama karma?
Ans. Nam Karma is divided into sixty-seven sub-groups.
Most popular sub-types are:
• Gati
• Jatinam
• Sharir
• Angopanga
• Sahanan
• Sansthan
• Tirthankar
• Yashokirti
• Anupurvi
Q-76 Can you name the types of Gotra karma?
Ans. Gotra Karma is divided into two sub-groups.
They are:
• Uchcha Gotra
• Nicha Gotra .
Q-77 Can you name the types of Antaraya karma?
Ans. Antaray Karma is divided into five sub-groups.
They are:
• Danantray
• Labhantray
• Bhogantray
• Upabhogantray
• Viryantray
Q-78 Can you name the types of Ayushya karma?
Ans. Ayushya karma is divided into four sub-groups.
They are:
• Narak
• Tiryancha
• Manushya
• Dev
Q-79 What are the effects of Jnanavarniya karma?
Ans. • Ignorance
• Inability to understand, Stupidity
• Inertia
• Incapable of being taught
• Illiteracy
• Stammering, etc.
Q-80 How do you accumulate the Jnanavarniya karma?
Ans. By Condemning knowledge and scholars and enlightened people. Laziness, contempt and displeasure to study.
Q-81 How can you get rid of the Jnanavarniya karma?
Ans. Worship the knowledge. Give reverence, respect to the teachers, pay respect to the books because it represents the knowledge. Do not throw, fold or sit on books. Go to the religious school regularly. Study silently with humility and attentions. As a student, keep off the bad habits and keep your speech clean; conduct good and share knowledge with others.
Q-82 What happens when you get rid of the Jnanavarniya karma?
Ans. You develop Kevalgnan and you become an anantgnani. Once the layers of Jnanavarniya karmas disappear the atma knows every thought of every mind, and every thing in the world, and understands every living creature in this world and other worlds. Nothing is hidden or unknown to that atma.
Q-83 What are the effects of Darshanavarniya karma?
Ans. Blindness, incapacity of senses, intoxication with power, money sleep or swooning, etc.
Q- 84 How do you accumulate the Darshanavarniya karma?
Ans.Condemning the principles of religion and dharma; or depreciating them disrespecting the virtuous and decrying them. Always trying to find fault with such people. Condemning piety with the feeling of skepticism, and decrying them.
Q-85 How can you get rid of the Darshanavarniya karma?
Ans. Be respectful to sadhus and sadhvies and be loyal to Jain sangh and dharma. Having faith in the Jina and showing him devotion, obeying the commands of Jinas.
Q-86 What happens when you get rid of the Darshanavarniya karma?
Ans. You develop Kevaldarshan and you become anant darshani. Just as pure atma knows everything, the free atma sees everything. Once the Darshanavarniya karmas are gone the atma sees everything in this world and in the other world. It has no barriers.
Q-87 What are the effects of Vedniya karma?With Shatavedniya Karma gone?
Ans. one will be happier and will have a good health.
With Ashatavedniya Karma gone one will not suffer from diseases ill health, sickness, and sorrow, etc.
Q-88 How do you accumulate the Vedniya karma?
Ans. 1) Ashata vedniya karma: By causing worry, misery and suffering to others.
2) Shata vedniya karma: Being compassionate, giving peace and happiness; and offering comforts in the sorrows; maintaining a cordial and friendly contact with others.
Q-89 How can you get rid of the Vedniya karma?
Ans. Make others happy; be helpful to others; do not torture or harass or kill any body, rather give them protection and peace.
Q-90 What happens when you get rid of the Vedniya karma?
Ans. The atma gets akshay sukh.
At the time of death when the vedniya karma is destroyed the atma goes to salvation. The pure atma has no disease, pain, and never feels sorrow. Pure atma is ever youthful and is ever happy, and ever healthy.