આજ નો દિવસ : વિક્રમ સંવત   ૨૦૭૩  ( નેમિસૂરિ સંવત  ૬૮ )  ફાગણ વદ તેરસ રવિવાર   Dt: 26-03-2017



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Five Basic Vows- ANUVRATAS


F2 2.1.1 Five Basic Vows- ‘ANUVRATAS’

First Basic Vow :Sthul Prantipat Virman Vrat.

(A Vow to keep away from violence)

          The soul can never be cut into pieces, cannot be divided or connot be killed.

            If the soul does not die, how can there be its killer ? How can one get a sin to kill it? Yes, the pure soul does not die or cannot be killed; but when the soul is covered with Karmā, it is known as Jivā. This Jivā having the seven organs, body, breathing, lifespan etc. is  called a living being. ------- This Jivā becomes free from all these qualities and activities, it is known as dead. Thus, a death occurs when the Jivā is devoid of its qualities and activities. The first Vow states:

            “I shall not do any kind of violence knowingly nor will I get it done by others.”

Second Basic Vow :Sthul Mrishavad Virman Vrat.

(A vow to keep away from telling a lie)

          “Mrisha” means untruth i.e. a lie “Vad” means “to speak”. “Sthul” means “big” and “Virman” means “to Stop”. Thus, this vow is to keeping away from telling big big lies. To tell a lie is a great sin. It comes in way of cordial relations. One gets displeasure from others by telling a lie. One cannot trust a liar. Often one  is insulted by others and is being treated bitterly.

Third Big Vow : Sthul Adattadan Virman Vrat.

(A vow not to steal)

            ‘Adatta’ means one that is not given. ‘Adān’ means “to accept” “Virman” means to stop. The thing/items which belongs to some body  and is not given by him to other is adatt.  Thus, anything which is not given by its owner cannot be taken away if one takes such things, he commits a sin of a ‘Adattadan’. In this vow one has to stop from this sin. The adattā, (not given items are four -----)

1.                  Swami Adattā not given by owner.

2.                 Jiv Adattā not given by self.

3.                 Tirthankar Adattā not given by Lord.

4.                 Guru Adattā not given by guru.

 

Fourth Basic Vow : Sthul Maithun Virman Vrat.

(A vow to keep away from sexual relations)

          A Home/Family is a place where all 18 kinds of sin can occur. One who stays in a family, has to do all kinds of sins. Marriage is a basic institution of family. Marriage involves sexual relations between a husband and wife. This sexual relation is ‘Maithun’.

            Only saints, monks, nuns can refrain from sexual activity. One who stays in the family, one who is married and has a spouse, cannot totally refrain from sex. Nevertheless, if they cannot totally refrain from sex, they can give it up partially by (1) Being satisfied in one’s own spouse only and by (2) taking a vow not to have sexual relations with a person other than one’s own spouse.

            Satisfaction means a limit. Even while the sexual relations with one’s own spouse is permissible, there should be some restriction there too. And of course, not to era think of having sexual relation with other person.

            While accepting this vow, it is necessary to have very free, frank and open hearted discussion between the couple.

 

Fifth Basic Vow : Sthul Parigrah Pariman Virman Vrat.

(A vow to restrict one’s possessions)

            ‘Parigrah’ means to collect, to possess, to establish an ownership on both living and non living items and individual. The vow is meant to put a restriction / limits on such tendency (1) Food grains (2) Land (3) Buildings and Furniture (4) Utensils and Dresses (5) Shop, office, establishment (6) Gold Silver, Ornaments precious metal and material (7) Animal, Birds (8) Cash money bank balance etc. etc.

            The Vrat (Vow) expects a person do put satisfying limit in possession of an these things.

 

 

 

F2 2.1.2 Three Guna Vrats.

 

Frist Digvirti Gun Vrat (A vow to place Spatial limits)

            Four direction four corners, up down. There are totally 10 directions for one to travel. One may put a limit and take a vow that he will not travel were than such suit distance in any of the 10 directions is Dig Virti Gun Vrat.

 

Second Bhogopbhog Virman Gun Vrat(A vow to put restriction on consumption)

            If you make an use of a thing once it is  a ‘bhog’, if you repeatedly use it it is ‘Upbhog’. To put a limit or restriction of the no. of items or a quantity of items to be taken in we is ‘Bhogopbhog Virman Gunvrat’

            Under this vow, the non living food items should be used. It takes is not possible at least those items which are considered to be unworthy of eating (Abhakshyā) and Avanttay items should stopped. Meat, wine, honey and butter are Abhakshya. There are 32 Anatkay items. All these should be stopped consuming. Taking food after sunset must be stopped totally.

Third Aarth Dan Virman Gun Vrat

            Arth Dand Means those activities which are inevitable in a householder’s life, without which he cannot function the Arthdan being inevitable, have to be performed; but the Anarthdan (as contrary to Arthdan) are kinds of sins which are done by people either for fun, for curiosity or for no reasonable reason. These can be stopped.

            This vow includes the stoppage to unnecessary and useless thoughts on violence or sex, stoppage to motivating commit sin and all kinds of sinful activities carried out for fun and enjoyment.

 

F2 2.1.3 Shiksha Vrat (Spiritual exercises)

            There are 4 Shiksha Vrat i.e. spiritual exercise. Shiksha (Exercise) means to educate one self for spiritual uplift____.

 

‘Samayik’

            ‘Samayik’ (Complete equanimity for a fixed period of 48 minutes)  manifests pure form of soul. When the soul is equanimious, a number  of virtues follow it. Samayik is the best way to keep away the wrong deed done consciously or unconsciously. Samayik is temporary monhood (Sadhutva) in miniature form.

            While one indulges in a Samayik one gets a greatest benigit of exsuring safety and security to all the living creatures of the evince would for 48minuites!   One gets pure pleasure and peace of mind. One gets eligibility for what one has to get.

 

Deshavasik Shiksha Vrat

          In this vow, one has to indulge into both morning and evening ‘Partikraman’ (Confessions) and 8 samayiks (Equanimity). In penance, one has to do at least ‘Ekasan’ (One meals only), and get engaged in religious, spiritual and meditation activities.

            In this vow, a person taking a vow can decide a no. of days in the whole year, when he will accept this vow. In this vow, one has to keep away from worldly activities, sexual act, taking a bath, using vehicles etc.

 

Paushadh Shiksha Vrat (living monk’s or nun’s lifestyle for a day)

            ‘Poushadh’ is  that tonic which gives strength to virtues of soul. In this ‘Paushadh’ vrat, we deny the bodily care, we deny the sexual activity, we deny the professional activities and we restrict the food-taking.

            The ‘Paushadh’ ( a monk’s life style) can be taken minimum for a day and if possible both for a day and night. This  Paushadh vrat helps to develop the qualities of a ‘Sadhu’ (a monk). One has to give up of all worldly activities, all sinful activities. One day and night Paushadh gives the benigit of God’s life in heaven for 2777 crore 77 Lakhs, 77 thousand and 777 Playopam period. (This ‘Plyopam’ is an innumerable quantity of years which cannot be counted by us)

            The Paushadh should be done at least on 5 festive days of a month (Tithi), in Parushana, in oli, on Maun Ekadashi on Gyan Panchami etc. etc. holy and auspicious days.

 

Atithi Samvibhag Shikshavrat  (Serving the needy person first)

            In this Vrat (Vow), mainly a ‘Paushadh’ penance is to be done for the whole day and night as explained in previous section on that day, if Possible a total fast without food and water to be done, and on next day the fast of previous day to be broken by one meal (Ekasana). On that Ekashana day, the monk or nun to be invited to collect the food; and only those no. of items taken by a monk or nun is not available, some jain gentleman/women can also be invited for meals.

            The objective behind this vow is that as far possible, lead a life of a monk/nun, serve them with great devotion, appreciate their qualities / their life style etc.

            If one cannot do this Atithi Samvibhag on a particular day as decided, it can be done any day in a month or a year, but till then one has to voluntarily give up some items as sacrifice.