1.4.1 Ways to Darshan and Pooja in Jainism
1. In order to destroy eight Karmās, one has to recite eight Navkarmantrs before you go to sleep recite seven Navkar and when you get up in the morning, recite eight Navkars.
While performing Darshan, one has to fold two hands together, both the thumbs facing each other, and the fingers of both the hands should be crossed locked into each other. At that time, the right hand fingers should be up.
2. Then, after unfolding two hands, you offer your bowing to 24 Tirthankaras sitting on Siddshila (The holy upper place reserved for only those who have attained Mokshā ), and innumerable Siddhas are over there .
3. Then, One has to bring out that leg outside the bed, on that side of the nosiest where breathing.
4. After, that bringing leg out (or getting out of cot) one should go to the temple for Darshan. One should not think of doing other work (such as bringing milk or vegetables etc.) while going to temple. The purpose of going to temple should be exclusive for Darshan only.
5. When one sees the religious flag on the top of the temple, one should utter “Namo Jinanam”
6. All the eatables , such as Pan-masala, Tobacco or any other things should be kept out.
7. While entering the temple, the men should speak “Nishini” from their left side, and women from their right side.
8. While one sees the idol of Lord, one should utter ‘Namo Jinanam’.
9. The men should put on the Armond shape Tilak on the forehead and the women should have it round shape. Idea is that I take the command of Lord on my head.
10. The Pradakhshina (The movement surrounding the temple) should be from one’s right direction.
11. After speaking ‘Nishihi’ the men should stand on their left side and women their right facing the Lord.
12. In a low tone, the praising songs (Stuti) should be spoken and the Dhup and Dip pooja should be offered. The fragment stick if brought from home, with own money, can be lighted afresh, otherwise, what is already lighted over there should be used.
13. The dancing against Lord can be offered with ‘a Chāmar in your hand.
14. The ‘Swastik’ design should be made from the paddy-cereals. The three small hills also should be made from paddy cereals. And on the top a special design of ‘Siddshila’ be made.
15. On ‘Siddishila’ one has to put the offerings like fruit or Armond .
16. If the paddy cereals kept over there are consumed by a bird etc., the property of temple is reduced to that extent. Therefore, they should be kept at safe place.
What is Pooja ?
Pooja is complete offering of the self. The Lord is not only worth seeing and bowing to. Lord is worth worshiping too. It is a kind of offending to Lord, if one satisfies only with a Darshan and does not offer further worship in form of pooja.
How to offer three time Pooja ?
1. The morning pooja is to be done after Sun rise.
2. The afternoon pooja is to be done in the middle of the day.
3. The evening pooja is to be done before sunset.
First one has to take there ‘Pradakshina’ (Moving round the place). Then one should speak praises to God. Then one has to offer “ Vaskshepa pooja” (Pooja with holy powder substance made from sandal / saffron). Thereafter one has to offer pooja with fragment stick (Dhup), Light (Deep) etc., and then perform “Chitya Vandan” (Which is specific type of praise related to Jain temple.) Thereafter one may take ‘Panchachkhan’ (limited time bound vow, say for that day only) according to one’s capacity.
In the middle of the day, before taking meals, the Jain disciple may visit temple after taking both and following due care and cautiousness (Jayna). He may bring the materials for Pooja. (Saffron, Fragrant stick, Ghee-lamp, Fruits, Sweets etc.) He then offers eight-fold pooja to the lord in the manner prescribed. The details of eight-fold (Astaprakari) pooja are given below.
Before 48 minutes of sun-set, after finishing one’s evening meals one has to come to the temple. He offers praises to the lord, bow downing the head, offering Dhoop, Deep (Fragant stic and Ghee lamp) and offering ‘Chaityavandan” and thereafter taking Pachachkhan (limited time bound vow) go to the Upashray (Paushadhshala) –a place meant for Jain Sages / nuns to stay and jain followers to use for religious meditation activities- and get engaged in ‘Devsi Pratikraman’ – An evening confession, which is a part of six essential ‘must’ for a jain.
Pooja-Trio (Pooja Trick)
(1) Ang Pooja – Bodily Pooja.
This pooja is done on the body of idol of the Lord e.g. Jal Pooja. (Holy both to the Lord), Chandan pooja, (Pooja with sandal and saffron lotion) and Pushpa Pooja (Pooja with flowers) All these 3 Pooja are done on body so they are Ang Pooja. These 3 Pooja are supposed to be removing of the hurdle. These pooja destroys the hurdles in one life and give great results. In a scripture “Vairagya Kalplata” these three Pooja are known as Sumant Bhadra and that it is supposed to provide great peace of mind.
(2) Agra Pooja.- Pooja in the Front
The pooja which is done in the front of the Lord are Agra (Front) Pooja e.g. Pooja with fragment Stick, Ghee lamp, Rice (Paddy grains) Fruits, Sweets etc., This pooja is supposed to bring prosperity- Adhyuday -karins). This pooja destroys all the obstacles in the life of the disciple, becomes helpful in the way to Moksha, and also brings physical prosperity.
(3) Bhav Pooja – Pooja with mind and spirit.
The Kind of praises spoken before the Lord in form of Stuti, Srota, Stavan, Song etc. Or presentation like dance etc., all part of Bhav Pooja. This pooja is called a retiring one. The former two pooja, as stated earlier, destroy the obstacles and provide prosperity in this life and life beyond. But this third pooja can offer ‘Moksha’ so it is called a retiring one. In Vairagya Kalplata, this pooja is stated to be ‘Sarva Siddhi Phala’- Capable of giving all the achievement in life.