આજ નો દિવસ : વિક્રમ સંવત   ૨૦૭૪  ( નેમિસૂરિ સંવત  ૬૯ )  માગશર સુદ બીજ સોમવાર   Dt: 20-11-2017



તલવાર કી કિંમત મ્યાન સે નહિ ધાર સે હોતી હૈ, કપડો કી કિંમત રંગ સે નહિ તાર સે હોતી હૈ, કહી ભી દેખો મહત્વ મૂલકા હોતા હૈ છીલકે કા નહિ, આદમી કી કિંમત પૈસે સે નહિ સદાચાર સે હોતી હૈ…
Definition of The World Tirthās and its importance


1.2.1 Definition of The World ‘Tirthās’ and its importance.

 

What isTirthās?

            The Word ‘Tirthās’ its Sanskrit language has its origin in the verb form ‘Tru’. However the from view point of religion ‘Tirthās’ is one where a sains person across the worldly ocean. And also removes the love, hatred and such other passions (Kasāya). Thus ‘Tirthās’ has been defined in Jainism in a different but distinguished way. Accordingly Tirthā is one ;

-          Where any one of the auspicious Kalyanaks (conception, Birth, Diksha, Kevalgyan and Moksha) has been celebrated,

-          Where the ‘Swamvasaran’ for the Lord has been established,

-          Where the Lord might have either moved or stayed for Chāturmas;

-          Where some special or extra ordinary events might have occurred in the life of the Lord.

Such places can be called ‘Tirthās’. If a temple of Tirthāsankara completes 100 years of its existence, the place can be said to be a ‘Tirthās’.

 

Importance of Tirthās :

            Tirthā is place where one gets peace of mind from various kinds of tensions of this world. ‘Tirthās’ has a great impact on the mind and life of people, by its place and atmosphere. The atmosphere of a ‘Tirthās’ is very holy, very sacred, very pure and peaceful. Therefore, it can often cause change of heart (life-style) of a person.

            The Tirthās are both movable and stationary. The monks and nuns are movable Tirthās, Whereas the holy places like Shatrunjay, Shamkheshwara, Sametshikharjee, etc. are stationary (Static) Tirthās. The impact of both movable and static Tirthās provide strength for life-protection to common people even to-day. The most ancient, Thousands of old Tirthās imbibe in them the most highest and holiest feelings. They always give a message of progress and self-pleasure. In such Tirthās, heavenly even god would like to come, sit and offer his devoted worship.

 

Heart is also a Tirthās.

            The holy Tirthā places on this world attributes by long cherished penance of Tirthās or by the holy death of the great saints have been providing profound peace to man kind. However, there are also people whose mind, speck and body have become holy with their purity and who are simple, sincere, self-less, innocent. Such persons heart is also as pure as holy as a Tirthās itself.

1.2.2 Code of Conduct for Holy Tirthās.

The word ‘Tirthās’ is also  used in the sense of holiness and happiness. There has been no holy place as a ‘Tirthās’

 

Why a Code of Conduct ?

            Our life is multi dimensional. We, for example, do not wear the dress in the office or shop, which we use at home. We do not use night dress in the office. We behave politely when we talk to elders or officers. We do not sing marriage songs in the Court. This simply means that each place has its own  Code of Conduct, Which we have to observe.

 

Significance of Code of Conduct.

            Tirthās Place is an unique natural place for pleasure of mind and for getting spiritual peace. The pleasure of mind and attainment of self-realisation are associated with the holiness of Tirthās places; and such holiness of places is associated with our code of conduct.

            Indeed Tirthās places is a part of our own self-land. The holiness of Tirthās places is as good as holiness of self-land. Therefore, following code of Conduct should be observed to get the natural pleasure of Tirthās places of the world.

 

Code of Conduct

1.While visiting a Tirthās place, one should not think of any thing related to our worldly life.

2. At the Tirthās place and temples, one should not discuss any thing related to worries of the world, worldly relations or wealth.

3.In the temple, one has to totally give up his ego, and become a true perfect individual and should behave politely.

4.One should not make a place around Tirthās place unclean, should not throw rubbish and should be away from any impurity.

5.One should perform complete celibacy in the Tirthās Place.

6.One should not use onion, Potato, any thing uneatable, Ice-cream, Bread-butter etc., and should necessarily give up the taking of meals at night.

7.One should keep away from Playing cards as time pass, Playing cricket, singing film-songs, maintaining the worldly relations (engagements, or seeing of boy or girl as  marriage-match etc.,

8.One should know the importance of a Tirthās. Should spend more time in Darshan, Vandanā,  Worship, Singing praising songs perform sweet devotion etc., etc.,

1.2.3 Famous Tirthās of India.

Great Shatrunjay  Tirthās

            Tirthās is a place where the lord has sometime moved for the living beings of this world, there is no Tirthās as good as Shatrunjay.

            SHATRUNJAY is located in Saurashtra on the banks of the river ‘Shetrunjee’. Its height from the Sea-land is 1900 feet. The road from foot-hill to Rampole is 3 Km or 3.15 Hectometers. There are 3745 steps from Foot-hill to Rampole.

            Shatrunjay is known as city of Temples, On the mountain there are 105 big temples and 815 small Temples on all nine hills of the mountain. There are 11094 stone/Marble idols and 665 metal idols. There are holy foot prints of Lord numbering 8961 including on all the nine hills.

            Shatrunjay is known as the great Tirthās because innumerable souls have reached the ultimate place of Moksha here.

            All Tirthāsankaras except Lord Neminath (24-1=23) have visited this holy mountain and have given divine religion message to the world.

            Lord Shri Neminath of Course, has visited this holy mountain when he had not nennuciated the world and he had explained the significance of this holy place thus, The mountain is considered to be very holy since all the twenty four Tirthāsankaras had visited this mountain.

            Even the touch to the holy place of Shri Shiddh Giriraj Shatrunjay gives the result being born in the best specie.

Sammetshikkharjee

Sammetshikkharjee is one of the best eminent Tirthās of India. The Sammetshikkharjee  mountain is 4448 ft. above sea level. There are many valuable minerals and chemicals hidden beneath this mountain.

            When one enters the Tirthās, there comes a temples of Shri Bhomiajee who is the protector of this Tirthās. He also protects the visiting pilgrims. The main temple has the chief idol as Lord Shamalia Parshvanath. The idol is 36” in height. On both the sides of this idol are the idols made from white marbles of Lord Parshvanath and Lord Shitalnath.

            There are temples of Parshvanath and Lord Chandraprabhu Swami. There  are also symbolic foot-prints of 20 Tirthāsankaras. There are also temples of Lord Godi Parshvanath, Lord Chintamani Parshvanath, Lord Suparshvanath.

            At the footstep of the mountain, at Madhubani we have also Digambar Temples and Dharmashālās. Of these the Samvasaran temple are especially beautiful and grant.

Shri Girnar Maha Tirthā.

            Girnar Maha Tirthās is located near Junagadh, 945 Meter above sea level. To reach to first hillock one has to climb 4200 steps. It is about 3 Km high, on the Girnar mountain, there is the black coloured marble idol sitting in lotus like position,  of Lord Neminath, Which is 140 Cm high. Besides, There are the Jagmal Temple, Mansang Bhojraj hillock, Merakvashi hillock, Sagram soni’s hillock, King Kumarpal’s hillock and other temples also. Behind the temple of Lord Neminath, There is a Jagmal temple where there is an idol of Lord Adishwar. In merak Vashi hillock there is an idol of Lord Sahastrphana Parshvanath.  In the small temples around the main temple, One finds the construction of Astapad, Where there are 24 idols. There is also a chaumukhjee temple (an idol having four sided faces). There are 5 meru temples too. Where there are 113 idols in Saragram Soni’s camp, the main idol is that of Lord Sahastraphana Parshvanath. Which is very grand. In this Temple Totally 36 idols and sukhad Chovisi made from stone. In kumarpal camp, The main idol is that of Lord Abhinandan Swami. It is grand idol of black colour.

 

 

 

 

F1 1.2.4 Difference between Temples and Tirthās and list of New Tirthās.

 

As there are temples in the City or in a village, like wise there could also be a ‘Tirthās’ too. Either in temples of a Tirthās, The main focus is on an idol of Lord Tirthāsankaras who is free from love and hatred. Both in a Tirthās or a temple in a city / village, the idols of Lord Jineshwar are established with great ritual of Pran  Pratishtha. Then, what is the difference between the two?

If an idol of Lord Jineshwar is established with necessary rituals and which is more than 100 years old. It  is a Tirthās, but that which is not 100 years old is a temple- In both the places, the Jineshwar’s idol is worshiped with necessary pooja etc. If however, an  idol of Jineshwar which is 200-500 years old, but if it is established in a nearly constructed temple, the place can be as good as Tirthās, but it cannot be said to be a Tirthās place. Because in a Tirthās, not only that the Jineshwar’s idols are oldest, but they have been established by the great people of older generation. Besides, the temple itself is also old enough.

The entire environment around a Tirthās is very holy. There are constant flows of good thoughts and holy ideas which are filled in which their vibrations. One can get a peace of mind there very easily. In a Jineshwar’s temple, all these are still in process, but the pooja-Darshan-Vandanā etc. are done there easily in a routine manners.

Satrunjay, Sammetshikkharjee, Girnar, Ranakpur, Pavapuri etc., are ancient Tirthās, Never the less some of the newly constructed Jain Temples in the Last 5-6 decades have also reached as the height of almost Tirthās e.g. Shri 108 Samavasaran great temple in Palitana, Jambudvip, (Kalikund) Ayodhyapurma, Koba (near Ahmedabad), Ohmkat Tirthā near Vadodara, Borij (at Gandhinagar) Katraj (Poona), Bhuvan Bhanu Manmandir (Shahpur), Shri Dharma Chrakra Pragnalay (Talegaon)  Mahavidrdham  (Sirsad-Munbai), Pavapuri Tirthā (K.P. Sanghvi-Abu near The foot step of Mount Abu), Smiti Mandir (Sabarmati-Ahmedabad) etc.,